They are also more borer-resistant than most birches. An alternate common name is "black" birch, which is reflected in the species name, nigra (Latin for "black"). They are native to this region, and they prefer its cool temperatures. Some 60 different species of birch exist on the planet, but less than a dozen or so are common to North America. As you learn how to trim a river birch tree, you will be opting to see your natural environment in a better way. Leaves are glossy, dark green turning yellowish-green in fall. Thanks to the Crimson Frost birch it displays attractive burgundy-red foliage. Keep in mind that paper, silver and river birch can grow 40 to 60 feet high, with a spread of 20 to 25 feet, while weeping birch will only get half that tall. I would like to know which is better a paper birch or river birch. The name 'Whitespire' was incorrectly assigned to Betula platyphylla.. Noteworthy Characteristics. Asked June 5, 2013, 1:24 PM EDT. Problem with Whitespire Birch tree. It makes your compound look good. The bark of this tree is famous for another reason, too: as the material for birch-bark canoes. Gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates. In winter, it shows off its warm creamy-brown exfoliating bark. Himalayan birch, Chinese paper birch and Monarch birch are all occasionally used. It seems to tolerate drier soils in its native range. Its fall foliage color is yellow. This river birch is surprisingly fast growing in the nursery but quickly matures to a graceful weeping habit that controls its ultimate size. Tolerant of wet soils, it’s the first weeping birch with resistance to the Bronze birch borer. Mature size is around 30-40' tall x … All of my birch trees, which include river birch and white spire, are well established and are all at least 15 years old. Perform… Phonetic Spelling BET-yoo-luh pop-yoo-lih-FOH-lee-uh Description. Avoid pruning in spring when the sap is running. Another birch tree grown as much for its peeling bark as for its fall foliage is the paper birch (Betula papyrifera). Speaking more accurately, the bark is silvery-bronze in color with hints of gold. This birch tree is tolerant of most soil conditions and considered to be resistant to bronze birch borer. It is now assigned to Betula populifolia and the plants are often sold under the name 'Whitespire Senior' to avoid confusion. The chalky bark, or “paper,” is more striking than that of the river birch trees, sometimes attaining to almost a pure white (which is why it is also sometimes called "white birch"). In addition to its white bark and yellow fall foliage, the form of this tree provides landscaping interest. Birch trees ( Betula ) are graceful, undemanding trees in the appropriate setting and can thrive for 30 years to 300 years. A Whitespire birch "standard" is where there is only one trunk on the tree. But the birches boast other traits, too, that will catch the attention of homeowners seeking year-round interest in the yard. Like the other white birches, they should be viewed as high maintenance, short-lived landscape trees. One nursery had only red birches and told us white birches do not do well. The White Spire Birch is very tolerant of high temperatures. Another birch tree grown as much for its peeling bark as for its fall foliage is the paper birch (Betula papyrifera). Prefers well-drained, slightly acid sandy loam soils, easy to transplant and establish from container or B&B, not tolerant of pollution or difficult sites, bronze birch borer can be a serious problem and often hits trees just as they enter their peak in the landscape. Paper Birch and River Birch are some of the most popular landscape trees. A tall tree (60 to 80 feet) with a spread of about 30 feet, it has yellow fall foliage. It has a wonderful yellow fall color. Birch tar was used widely as an adhesive as early as the Middle Paleolithic to early Mesolithic era. A wonderful birch tree selection with snowy white bark and good fall color; higher resistance to the dreaded bronze birch borer than most other white-barked … Thank you for addressing your question to the Toronto Master Gardeners on choice of birch trees. Grow these two trees if you live in Canada or the northern tier of U.S. states (planting zones 2 to 6). I have 3 Whitespire Birch clumps (Betula Platyhylla) that I planted about 8 years ago. Betula species such as river birch trees (Betula nigra) are among the best selections for fall foliage specimens. A Whitespire birch "twin" is where there are two trunks on the tree. However you first fell in love with Whitespire Birch (Betula populifolia 'Whitespire'), it makes a fabulous, fine-textured accent tree. Maybe you've admired the pretty deciduous tree 3 blocks over. For more details, see our, Weeping Cherry Trees and Other Cascading Trees, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages, 15 Varieties of Japanese Maple Trees With Colorful Foliage. Inspect the bark of all the white birches. This birch tree is tolerant of most soil conditions and considered to be resistant to bronze birch borer. The chalky white bark, fluttery leaves and crisp, clean form are hard to miss. In the St. Louis area, it is best sited in a northern or eastern exposure that receives some afternoon shade. Not as bad as, bark can be slow to turn white for the impatient, in the wild, limited to moist areas and is most commonly found along stream banks and areas that flood, mature specimens exhibit a rounded to irregular crown, Has intense scent of peppermint in the sap, somewhat diamond-shaped with a wedge-shaped leaf base, male flowers are 2″ to 3″ in bloom, 0.75″ prior to bloom, young trunk and branches have thin, shiny red-brown bark, older portions develop creamy orange bark; reminds me of a “creamsicle” that exfoliates in large thin sheet, on very old trunks and branches bark turn brown and develops ridges and furrows in a somewhat platy fashion, makes best growth on moist river bottom soil, but has proven to be adaptable to dried sites, develops chlorosis (iron) on soils above pH 6.5, better adapted to heat than other birches, easily transplanted and established from B&B or container, bark not white, for those expecting white bark on birch, Gardening Guides provide introductory information on a broad range of horticultural topics. I am looking to plant a clumped birch in my front yard that faces west. Yellow birches should be grown in full sun to partial shade, in planting zones 4 to 7. But yellowing of leaves and dieback this time of year is something I am well aware can happen if the watering needs of these trees are not met throughout the season. Native to the Himalaya, Betula utilis var. Compounds. Ornamental Features. We like the visual aesthetics of the white birch and want to add one to our landscape. We are seeking a second opinion re the white vs red birch. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). Make sure to plant this tree where soil is likely to remain cool. Another “white” birch is Young’s weeping birch (Betula pendula Youngii), a dwarf variety that reaches a height of 6 to 12 feet at maturity. Ancient and modern uses. I will provide you qualities, features and care requirements to enable you to decide which is best suited to meet your own  environment and personalized criteria. It needs little pruning, but if necessary, prune during the dormant season. Many are excellent garden and landscape trees. Whitespire has a beautiful spire-like upright form, white non-exfoliating bark and excellent bronze birch borer resistance. I don't think the location I see in the photo would be suitable. bark becoming papery, chalky white after about 4 seasons; bark exfoliates or peels in strips to expose orange inner bark; on very mature trunks, the white is mixed with rough, black patches; probably the best white bark birch. Its fall foliage color is yellow. Bright green leaves turn a yellow fall color. They can be multi-trunked trees or grown to have just one trunk. River birch, Betula nigra, variety ‘Heritage’ is a good replacement for the tree white barked birch. Its parent, Betula pendula, is the European white birch. Betula x Royal Frost – Royal Frost Birch These deer resistant trees have gained popularity due their unique bark and great yellow fall color.. You may notice that some yards have a single tree birch tree while others have clumps or multiple birch trees. This variety of clump Birch tree is famous for its white chalk bark. The Himalayan Birch (Betula Utilis var Jacquemontii) is a wonderful tree and can be purchased single or multi-stem. Selected over twenty years ago by Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum. Birch, White Spire - Affordable Trees. So this young Summer Cascade weeping River birch, according to its tag, will grow 6-8 feet both tall and wide. My problem is one of the trees I believe went into early Hibernation, it lost all of its leaves, 3 to 4 weeks before the other two trees last fall. While young trees have a rich brown bark, it quickly changes to gleaming snow-white as the tree matures. But gray birch trees grow in clumps, producing multiple trunks, and their bark, which does not peel, is not especially attractive. Plant taller species 20 to 30 feet apart. It is only after trimming river birch and other varieties that you will be … It is also used as an ornamental tree to brighten up a landscape. Betula platyphylla, commonly called Japanese white birch, is a medium to large sized tree noted for its white bark, thin spreading branches and slightly pendant branchlets. Its diamond shaped, double-toothed leaves produce an … Whitespire Birch has a nice narrow, pyramidal size and a chalky white bark that looks great all season long. Their height and spread are similar to that of river birch trees. Whitespire has proven to be disease and pest resistant and is the most carefree white birch available today. As suggested by its name, the branches of this birch tree droop, or “weep” down towards the ground. This tree also features interesting catkins which grace the tree in the summer. Genus name is the Latin name for birch. Neanderthals produced tar through the dry distillation of birch bark as early as 200,000 years ago. It is more tolerant to drought than white-bark birches and is not attacked by bronze birch borer—great! I planted this specimen in 2009 and has done beautifully even though it only gets partial sun. Sweet birch (Betula lenta) has dark-colored bark. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. They shed their bark like the paper birches. Native to the Eastern U.S., they will reach a height of 40 to 70 feet with a spread of 25 to 35 feet. It has this amount of space on sides (between it and the fig and rose tree) and in front we don't mind if it goes 3-4 feet which its tag suggests (I'm assuming 6-8 … River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. In St. Louis, gray birch is best grown in medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loams in full sun to part shade. your own Pins on Pinterest This is a reference to its bark, which starts out salmon but turns darker as it matures. "River" birch is called so because, in its native habitat, it is often found growing near rivers. If a white birch has a resonable prospect of doing well, is there a white species that you recommend for central Illinois? ‘Royal Frost’ is an upright pyramidal birch featuring burgundy-red to purple foliage, showy yellow-orange to red fall color and attractive white bark. Birds, especially goldfinches and other small seed eaters feed heavily on Whitespire birch seed. jacquemontii (Himalayan Birch), which is prized for its brilliant and exceptionally white bark, is a lovely addition to the landscape. A wonderful birch tree selection with snowy white bark and good fall color; higher resistance to the dreaded bronze birch borer than most other white-barked birches make this a preferred variety for home landscape use. This native birch supports wildlife by supplying nesting sites and cover. Furthermore, Whitespire birch is moderately susceptible to bronze birch borer, an insect which eventually kills many birch trees. Aug 2, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Nessa. The fall foliage color is yellow. Discover (and save!) The bright green leaves rustle in the wind and turn the brightest yellow in the fall. The bark remains white longer than, does poorly in high summer heat, especially root zone heat, fairly soil adaptable, often found growing in sandy, gravely soils. Something about a birch tree's dark branches and slim, white trunks stir the imagination. The species, Betula populifolia, or gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40’ tall. The chalky bark, or “paper,” is more striking than that of the river birch trees, sometimes attaining to almost a pure white (which is … Grow it in zones 4 to 7 in full sun to partial shade. Plant it in full sun to partial shade. Older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. The trees' peeling bark is as attractive as the fall foliage. The ornamental bark does not peel. Make sure to plant this tree where soil is likely to remain cool. It is composed of phenols such as guaiacol, cresol, xylenol, and creosol.. Featuring an elegant, pyramidal habit, it bears ovate, toothed, lime-green leaves, 3 in. Paper birch bark peels off the tree in long, narrow strips and exposes an inner bark that is orange in color. River birch trees can be grown in planting zones 4 to 9. Betula papyrifera (paper birch, also known as (American) white birch and canoe birch) is a short-lived species of birch native to northern North America.Paper birch is named for the tree's thin white bark, which often peels in paper like layers from the trunk. Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. Plant them in full sun to partial shade. Know what species of birch you are planting. Overgrown braches will create undesirable sight in your home. It requires full sun and rich soil. Female catkins 1″ to 1.5″ long, young branches show smooth, reddish-brown bark with horizontal lenticels, bark becoming papery, chalky white after about 4 seasons, bark exfoliates or peels in strips to expose orange inner bark, on very mature trunks, the white is mixed with rough, black patches, probably the best white bark birch. There was one silver birch outside 65 Rugby St which was Betula utilis. The bark remains white longer than B. pendula and turns white relatively quickly on young branches. However, the leaves of river birch will become chlorotic (turn yellow) if grown in alkaline soils, which dominate our state. River birch (B. nigra) has a rich cinnamon-brown bark that peels beautifully (see bottom photo). River birch trees tolerate the summer heat better than paper birch trees, meaning they are better suited to grow in warmer regions. Originally The plant grows to be 40 to 50 feet tall, with a spread of 35 to 45 feet. Most importantly, sweet birch bears a more reliably strong, golden-yellow fall foliage than most other birches (whose autumn leaves sometimes lapse into paler yellows). The Whitespire Birch displays chalk-white bark that does not exfoliate. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. Whitespire Birch has dark green foliage throughout the season. The Royal Frost birch inherited beautiful white bark and resistance to the bronze birch borer from the parent Japanese white birch selection Whitespire. It has a wonderful yellow fall color. But do not settle for trees alone when it comes to growing plants for fall color, because there are plenty of shrubs and vines with fall color that gives you additional choices (in fact, being smaller, such plants may be better suited to small yards). Betula is a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found throughout the northern hemisphere. Learn about several members of this species that you may want to grow if you value beautiful, versatile trees. These specimens are full-sun trees, but they will also tolerate partial shade. 777 Lawrence Avenue East Toronto, ON, Canada M3C 1P2 | Phone: 416-397-1345, Copyright © Toronto Master Gardeners 2019, older trees become oval to rounded, with increasing irregularity in shape, nurseries often grow them in groups of 3 or 4 (“clump birches”), typically branched to a few feet above the ground in open exposures, alternate, ovate, simple leaves, 2″ to 4″ long and 1.5″ to 3″ wide, color is a dull, dark green above and paler on the underside, 2″ to 4″ long catkins, usually in 3’s and some in pairs (male). Both the foliage and the bark makes this specimen one of the fragrant plants. If you enjoy the multi stem look here is how you can do it yourself. Culture Whitespire birch, like most birch, prefers a wet, sheltered location. It can be grown in planting zones 3 to 9. But it derives its common name not from the color of its foliage, but rather from the color of its peeling bark. You can opt-out at any time. Betula utilis ‘Madison’ White … Its bark resembles that of our native white birch. It also tolerates poor soils. Mature Height: 30-40' Mature Width: 20-25' European white birch trees have a slender trunk of perhaps a foot in width and noticeably drooping branches throughout its canopy. Another of the attractive non-white birch trees is the yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis). The fall foliage of paper birch trees is similar to that of gray birch trees (Betula populifolia). The northern tier of U.S. states ( planting zones 3 to 9 to North America seed feed! One of the most carefree white birch available today size and a chalky white bark that peels beautifully see... 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