Temperature: 4,300 K (4,030°C) in the outer regions to 6,000 K (5,730°C) closest to the … the crust-mantle boundary is called the Mohorovicic discontinuity the oceanic crust consists of basalt and gabbro the crust is less dense than the mantle P-waves travel faster in the crust than in the mantle. And depending on the location, seasons, and time of day, it can range from sweltering to freezing cold! However, the hottest temperature ever recorded was 70.7°C (159°F), which was taken in … Post was not sent - check your email addresses! On average, the surface of the Earth’s crust experiences temperatures of about 14°C. Author links open overlay panel Proloy Ganguly a Gautam Ghosh b 1 Sankar Bose b 1 Kaushik Das c 1. Less dense layers float on top of denser ones such as the mantle. The further one goes towards the center of the planet, the more intense the heat and pressure becomes. The temperature increase that occurs is governed by the degree of thickening of the crust, its conductivity and the time that elapses before the rock is exhumed sufficiently to be affected by the proximity of the cold upper boundary. As depth increases to 6,370 kilometers, temperature increases to over 6,000 degrees Celsius. It is 0-75 km below the surface and the temperature is less than 1,000 degrees Celsius. The continental crust is the coolest region. State Of Matter: The state of the continental crust is solid. Extinct Woolly Rhinoceros Found Frozen in Siberian Permafrost, Kernowite: New Green Mineral Discovered in 220-year-old Rock, Man Becomes Overnight Millionaire After Meteorite Crashes Through His Roof, 99-Million-Year-Old Fossil Flower Found Encased in Burmese Amber. However, the hottest temperature ever recorded was 70.7°C (159°F), which was taken in the Lut Desert of Iran as part of a global temperature survey conducted by scientists at NASA’s Earth Observatory. Stress builds in these areas as the rest of the plates continue to move, which causes the rock to break or slip, suddenly lurching the plates forward and causing earthquakes. • Continental crust is made up of landmasses, whereas oceanic crust is the floor of the oceans. continental crust oceanic crust upper mantle the Moho State Of Matter: The oceanic crust is a solid. Because under ordinary circumstance matter can neither be created or destroyed, the new, younger rocks must have originated from older crustal material - older rocks. This means that the youngest rock on Earth is under the oceans. Continental climates are characterized by variable weather pattern and significant variation in temperature. Mantle. But the temperature of Earth’s crust also varies considerably depending on where and when you are measuring it. We’ve written many articles about the Earth for Universe Today. The layers of the Earth, a differentiated planetary body. In simple terms, density can be defined as the heaviness of a substance. Add to that our viable atmosphere and protective magnetosphere, and we really should consider ourselves to be the lucky ones! Both float on top of the dense… Geologists often refer to the rocks of the continental crust as “sial.” Sial stands for silicate and aluminum, the most abundant minerals in continental crust. It consists mostly of feldspar and other sialic rocks. The temperatures of the crust vary from air temperature on top to about 1600 degrees Fahrenheit (870 degrees Celsius) in the deepest parts of the crust. Basaltic rocks are the most habitual rocks on the planet and they form these gigantic ocean crusts. This layer is composed of silicate rocks that are rich in iron and magnesium relative to the overlying crust. The oceanic crust is the younger and denser type of crust. Oceanic crust is generally 6–10 km (about 4–6 miles) in thickness, and metamorphic pressures within the oceanic crust are therefore considerably less than in continental regions. However, the hottest temperature ever recorded was 70.7°C (159°F), which was taken in the Lut Desert of Iran as part of a global temperature survey conducted by scientists at NASA's Earth Observatory. It has the average temperature of 392 degrees F to 752 degrees F or 200 degrees C to 400 degrees C. Find facts about Divergent Boundaries here . As a terrestrial planet, Earth is composed of silicate rocks and metals which are differentiated between a solid metal core, a molten outer core, and a silicate mantle and crust. There are different strata of the earth that are formed by different materials of different density and physical properties. The former consists of the crust and the cold, rigid, top part of the upper mantle (which the tectonic plates are composed of) while the asthenosphere is the relatively low-viscosity layer on which the lithosphere rides. For example, the deepest mine in the world is currently the TauTona gold mine in South Africa, measuring 3.9 km deep. • Continental crust is thicker (25-70 km) than oceanic crust (7-10 km) and is nearly 35-40km deep. Continental crust is the layer of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks that forms the geological continents and the areas of shallow seabed close to their shores, known as continental shelves. Show more. Facts about Earth’s Crust 6: the temperature of crust The crust temperature is improved at the deeper areas. We’ve also recorded an episode of Astronomy Cast all about planet Earth. Layer of rock which forms the continents. Image credit: Poinar, Jr. et al., doi: 10.17348/jbrit.v14.i2.1014. The thickness of the oceanic crust is very thin relative to the continental crust. As you may recall learning in geology class, the Earth is made up of distinct layers. Properties and Composition. Continental crust. If you’d like more info on Earth, check out NASA’s Solar System Exploration Guide on Earth. The continental crust is the layer of granitic, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks which form the continents and the areas of shallow seabed close to their shores, known as continental shelves.. Still, a lot balmier than a cold night in Antarctica! The thickness of the crust varies depending on where the measurements are taken, ranging from 30 km thick where there are continents to just 5 km thick beneath the oceans. The mantle is hotter than the outer core. Continental crust is mostly composed of different types of granites. While buoyant continental crust is old geologically, denser oceanic crust is continuously created at mid-oceanic ridges. In fact, one of the things that makes planet Earth habitable is the fact that the planet is close enough to our Sun to receive enough energy to stay warm. And as geologists have known for some time, if you dig down into the continental crust, temperatures will go up. On average, the surface of the Earth's crust experiences temperatures of about 14°C. Here’s What are the Layers of the Earth?, Ten Interesting Facts about the Earth, What is the Diameter of the Earth?, What is Earth’s Gravity?, The Rotation of the Earth, and What is Earth’s Crust? Picture: Albert Protopopov  AN EXTINCT woolly rhinoceros has be... Kernowite (green color). Far from the Sun, temperatures can reach as low as 0-3° C (32-37.5° F) where the water reaches the crust. Lithosphere - about 100 km thick (up to 200 km thick beneath continents, thinner beneath oceanic ridges and rift valleys), very brittle, easily fractures at low temperature.Note that the lithosphere is comprised of both crust and part of the upper mantle. Composition: The oceanic crust is composed primarily of basalt, diabase, and gabbro. And here’s a link to NASA’s Earth Observatory. Thickness: The thickness of the continental crust ranges from 35 to 40km. Temperature: The temparature of the oceanic crust ranges from about 200 °C to 400 °C. Layers of Differing Physical Properties. But consider the fact that the majority of the Earth’s crust lies beneath the oceans. As … Oceanic Crust. continental crust That portion of the Earth's surface overlying the Mohorovičić discontinuity, and with an average density of 2700–3000 mg/m 3.The thickness is variable, mostly 30–40 km, except for areas of recent mountain building where the thickness can be 70 km. 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